Why breast cancer could be a big looming challenge for India ?

/, Public Health/Why breast cancer could be a big looming challenge for India ?

Why breast cancer could be a big looming challenge for India ?

Cancer.

The very word strikes terror in the hearts of patients and physicians alike.

But often we consider cancer as a problem of the west and one that does not really affect India. Except for tobacco related cancer, there is hardly any public outreach program either from the Government or the private health sector.

India has almost 3-4 million cancer patients. The number could be much higher as the detection mechanisms in India are almost not present. 70% of these cancer patients come in at stage 3 or 4 where the prognosis is very bad.  Almost a million cancer are detected annually and the number of cancer patients in India could be around 7 million in the next couple of years.

Women though less prone to tobacco related cancer are more prone to Cervical and breast cancer. These two types account for almost 80 % of cancers in women. Every year almost 130,000 cases of breast cancer are detected in India and according to the Indian Medical Association the situation will get worse.

Rural women are more affected as the cancer is detected at a much later stage. The increase in awareness and education has also resulted in the rise of the cases from 54,000 ten years ago to 130,000 today. Almost 30,000 women would die due the breast cancer every year, which is a sad statistic as breast cancer is not terminal. If detected at early stages can be dealt with effectively. Incidentally October was breast cancer awareness month and a series of events were held in India to take stock of the situation. Overall there were some key reasons why the situation was getting worse in India.

Some of the reasons for increase in the cases detected include

1) Awareness and education

2) Late marriages and pregnancies

3) Use of contraceptives

4) Hormonal imbalances

5) Stress and change in life style

 

Not surprisingly Bangalore has emerged as the breast cancer capital of India. Bangalore has an incidence of 36.6 per lakh cases. Thiruvanathapuram and Chennai follow closely and these figures are also an indication of higher awareness in these cities.

The real challenge is to get women to take charge of their lives and get serious about screening. High risk categories are advised to undergo screening once every 2 years especially after the age of 38. Those in high risk include women who have an incidence of breast cancer in their family.

A good example in news was the extreme step taken by actress Angelina Jolie who got her breasts removed once she realized that she was in the high risk category. Her mother it seems had been diagnosed with breast cancer and she had a 80 % chance of developing the condition herself.

So what can we do as a nation?

In the next part of this series I will discuss what can the various parts of the healthcare ecosystem do to combat breast cancer in India.

As always views, suggestions and comments are welcome.

 

By |2016-08-09T06:55:19+00:00November 4th, 2013|Healthcare Delivery, Public Health|7 Comments

About the Author:

7 Comments

  1. Arch November 4, 2013 at 11:05 am - Reply

    This is a shocking statistic and should urge men to take greater care of their women folk. In a society where we are used to treating an illness only after significant discomfort, it needs a change of mind to proactively get tests done to prevent breast cancer. At such times, the family should back the lady of the house and insist on her getting these check ups done without any sense of shame.

    Also, it is important to support women who have gone through treatment for breast cancer as their morale is likely to be at an all time low. Society at times stigmatises these women, especially in rural India.

    • admin November 12, 2013 at 1:23 pm - Reply

      Hi Arch

      I think this attitude has to change. It is preventive measures that can save a lot of money and effort in the long run.
      Women have been neglected for years in this country and this is not something that will change over night. I think the education and awareness is helping change the situation and we would want to make the change slowly but surely towards this goal.

  2. karthik November 6, 2013 at 10:33 am - Reply

    Hi there..besides breast cancer cervical cancer seems to be a major problem in India too — courtesy ge helthcare

    http://www.moneycontrol.com/gestepahead/article.php?id=971312

    • admin November 12, 2013 at 1:18 pm - Reply

      Hi Karthik

      Yes it accounts for most of the majority of non breast cancer patients among women. Both are non fatal conditions and detection is a good measure.

  3. Averol November 12, 2013 at 7:58 am - Reply

    I think knowledge is the best solution.Thanks for sharing

    • admin November 12, 2013 at 1:13 pm - Reply

      Hi

      I would agree, considering this is not a fatal condition, it is best to have the knowledge and take preventive action.

  4. Yohaig Gossip November 17, 2013 at 4:48 am - Reply

    Cancer apparently thrives in an acid environment and so it’s very best to avoid as well a lot meat. Some animals are fed development hormones and antibiotics, and might also have parasites, that are dangerous and especially to individuals already suffering from cancer. Meat protein is also tougher to digest and the undigested meat remaining within the intestines becomes putrefied, leading to more toxic build-up. Fish and a little chicken are believed to become the best recommendation.In addition to meat goods, study suggests that the following are also foods to become avoided: starchy, fried foods such as chips and fries (these contain the chemical, acryl amide – a probable carcinogen); smoked and pickled foods; grapefruit and trans fats; sodas; refined sugar and artificial sweeteners; and milk.

Leave A Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.